ISAAC NEWTON IN A NUTSHELL

Isaac Newton was born on the 25th December 1642 in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire. His father was a farmer but he died three months before Newton was born. His mother remarried and Newton spent his childhood with his grandmother. At school he showed great skill in making model kites, sundials and windmills. In 1665 when he was 18 he went to study mathematics at Cambridge University. He continued his studies at home when the University closed because of the plague.
- Newton made the first reflecting telescope in 1668.

- In 1670 Newton worked more on chemistry and alchemy than on optics and mathematics. It is said that Newton wondered why objects fell to earth when he was sitting in a garden and saw an apple drop in front of him. Newton thought back to the subject which he was thinking about in 1665-66. This was "Why things move as they do." He proposed his three laws of motion.

- Newton thought that earth's gravitational force extended right to the moon. He was the first person to give an explanation of the tides.

- Newton invented the Calculus branch of mathematics around 1669. He did not publish his ideas until around 1704, 35 years later.
SIR ISAAC NEWTON: THE GRAVITY OF GENIUS

In class we watched the A&E video on the life of Isaac Newton.

- Click on the link to visit the Classroom Resources of the A&E website.

A&E Classroom Study Guides: Sir Isaac Newton

- Select two questions from the Discussion Questions.

- Write a brief but complete essay about each question.

- Use the video, the research links below and/or any other resource to help you answer the questions.

- Write an annotated bibliography for each question.
PhysicsQuest

PART I.
ISAAC NEWTON'S
BIOGRAPHY
- Newton's most famous book called "Philosphe Naturalis Principia Mathematica" was published in 1687. 

- He also wrote another book, "Optiks", which was published in 1704 and describes the Calculus and other mathematics. It also describes his theory of light.

In 1693 Newton suffered a mental breakdown after the huge efforts he put into the Principia. Because of his astronomical observations, Newton often didn't sleep
for many nights.
Newton was knighted in 1705 by Queen Anne.
Newton died in 1727 when he was eighty-five. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

In poet Alexander Pope's Epitaph for Newton are these lines:

Nature and Nature's laws lay hid in night;
God said, "Let Newton be!" and all was light.
RESEARCH LINKS

Newton's Biography

Catalog of the Scientific Community: Newton, Isaac

Isaac Newton: Short Biography

BBC Historic Figures: Isaac Newton

Wolfram Research: Newton

Newton's Life and Scientific Achievements

Isaac Newton and Chronology and Isaac Newton and the Bible

Newton's Laws of Motion

The Universal Law of Gravitation

Newton and the Unification of Physics & Astronomy
WINNER ACTIVITY:
"IDEAS FOR EDUCATORS"
SPRING 2004